This page dedicated to a low and high power diplexer design and implementation.

I would start with low power diplexer. 

The design is a combination of LPF and HPF circuits with LC traps for 40 and 80 meter bands to increase band isolation.

  • When you have LPF and HPF type Diplexer, the only BPFs will provide band isolation for other bands because Diplexer has no attenuation above and below 80 and 40 meter bands.
  • As an example, Diplexer has no 20M band attenuation for 40M band port (HPF) and Diplexer has no 160M band attenuation for 80M band(LPF).  The only attenuation for those bands,  in the example above, is from connected BPFs. 
  • For those adjacent bands, like 20 and 160 meter bands good BPFs should be used. VA6AM HP BPFs for those bands provide more than -60dB attenuation level. 

Some numbers I achieved for 200 watt diplexer:

  • Insertion Loss (IL) < 0.1dB.
  • Band Isolation > -35dB for 40M band 
  • Band Isolation > -30dB for 3.5-3.8 MHZ (lower isolation above 3.8MHz) 
  • Return Loss (RL) > 27dB
  • 100 watt output power with 100% cycle
  • 200 watt output power PEP

Hiro 001

Please, see schematics below – a Cauer (Elliptic)  type. 

40_80_Dip_Elliptic

Please, see schematics below – a Chebyshev type. 

40_80_Dip_Chebyshev

Please, see Diplexer low power graphs below built based on a Cauer type.

  • The difference between filter types is not a significant to discuss but two schematics allows to chose more suitable capacitor’s values.

Hiro_35_Wide

Hiro_7_Wide


Below is a High Power Diplexer for 40 and 80 meter rated at 3000 watts of an amplifier output power.

Diplexer_40_80_HPInsertion Loss (IL) < 0.08dB

  • Band Isolation > -35dB for 7.0-7.3 MHz 
  • Band Isolation > -30dB for 3.5-3.8 MHZ  
  • Return Loss (RL) > 30dB
  • 1500 watt output power with 100% cycle no cooling required
  • 3000 watt output power (50 CFM cooling fan recommended)
  • 1411ZU 17″ x 5″ x 4″ Hammond enclosure

The 40M band below:

EA8KW_Diplexer_40

The 80M band below:

EA8KW_Diplexer_80

Graph below is an Impedance ([Zs]) and VSWR  from Antenna port:

EA8KW_Diplexer_ANT_Port

Diplexer_40_80_HP